Sunday, November 26, 2017

Predicting the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a very important disease in the US and elsewhere. It is contracted by both adults and children. Because it can cause other ailments, the disease draws a lot of attention. Type 2 diabetes can lead to “Heart and blood vessel disease,  Nerve damage, Kidney damage, Eye damage, Foot damage, Hearing impairment, Skin conditions, and Type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease.”

So any actions that we can take to predict and possibly head off or lessen the effect of diabetes would be very beneficial. And two studies have uncovered possible approaches that may enable experts to predict Type 2 diabetes.

An Amsterdam study was done looking at 2226 children whose parents had a family history of Type 2 diabetes (FHD). It was found that the children had high levels of C-peptide. A high level of C-peptide may indicate a high level of insulin which could mean that the body is not effectively removing glucose from the body. So the tests could be an indication of a metabolic problem. The researchers concluded that “second-degree FHD could be used as a public-health screening tool to identify children at risk of adverse metabolic outcomes and of possible future disease.”

Another study indicated that a person with a family history of individuals with young onset Type 2 diabetes (diabetes at less than 40 years of age) were at higher risk of diabetes. The researchers, therefore, concluded that “First-degree relatives of people with Type 2 diabetes, especially relatives of those with young-onset diabetes, are at high risk for diabetes."

Thus, knowing a person's family history can be very useful in predicting and possibly preventing metabolic health problems, including Type 2 diabetes. And knowing that a patient has a family history of young-onset Type 2 diabetes can be especially helpful in alerting a provider to monitor a patient for Type 2 diabetes.


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