Monday, July 20, 2020

The CDC's Diabetes Prevention Program Methods Can Treat Metabolic Syndrome

Approximately a third of Americans have prediabetes. Prediabetes is a condition where an individual has an abnormally high blood glucose that is not high enough to be called type 2 diabetes. And many experts agree that prediabetes is a predictor of type 2 diabetes.  Metabolic syndrome, which is a cluster of potentially unhealthy conditions that happen together, can also be a predictor of type 2 diabetes. It is estimated that about a third of Americans have metabolic syndrome. And just as with prediabetes, the CDC's Diabetes Prevention Program methods can be used to treat metabolic syndrome.

As was stated above, metabolic syndrome is a cluster of potentially unhealthy conditions. The cluster of conditions may typically include any three of the following: excess belly fat, abnormally high blood glucose (but not high enough to be called type 2 diabetes), hypertension, elevated triglyceride or elevated cholesterol levels. One study suggested that “metabolic syndrome was associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.”

The conditions that usually form the metabolic syndrome cluster are, many times, associated with a lack of physical activity, overweight and an unhealthy lifestyle. Therefore, weight-loss related intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) consisting of heightened physical activity, diet improvement, and behavioral change may be recommended as a treatment for metabolic syndrome.

This lifestyle treatment includes sessions, for participants, that highlight the importance of engaging in at least 150 minutes per week of physical activity, eating a healthy diet that includes whole-grains, vegetables, fruits, healthy protein and losing and maintaining a healthy weight.

The CDC’s Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) was put in place to address prediabetes in an attempt to delay or prevent type 2 diabetes. The DPP uses the type of lifestyle sessions described above for treating prediabetes. And one report indicates that the DPP ILI sessions can be used to prevent or delay metabolic syndrome.

Metabolic syndrome and prediabetes can be predictors of type 2 diabetes. Therefore, it is incumbent on healthcare providers to pay close attention to metabolic syndrome and prediabetes. It may also be a good idea to learn how to employ the methods used in the CDC's DPP for possible metabolic and prediabetes treatment.



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