Monday, May 28, 2012

Obesity-Fighting Methods Fight Kidney Disease

Among the common methods used to fight obesity are lifestyle modification, diet and exercise, weight loss surgery and obesity drugs. Employing the best methods to fight obesity is a worthwhile endeavor, since there are a number of comorbidities associated with obesity. The comorbidities include type II diabetes, sleep apnea and hypertension. Another obesity-related cormorbidity is kidney disease. And the obesity-fighting methods mentioned above also combat kidney disease.

A 2006 WebMd article, entitled “Obesity May Up Risk of Kidney Failure,” referenced a study that proclaimed that obesity might raise the risk of kidney failure by three times. The study “included 926 people with chronic kidney failure and 998 people of similar backgrounds without chronic kidney failure.” One of the most important findings was that if you are overweight at age 20, your odds of chronic kidney failure, at some point in your life, are tripled. Since obesity, for most people, is preventable, it would follow that chronic kidney failure is often avoidable.

A study at Mount Sinai School of Medicine has shown that a low carbohydrate diet “may reverse impaired kidney function in people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.” Moreover, the researchers asserted that knowing that diet can improve kidney function may lead to drugs that can do what the low carbohydrate diet does.

Finally, a report addressing weight and  kidney related function,  indicated that ‘Bariatric surgery is an effective means of achieving long-term weight loss and improvements in metabolic derangements including albumin excretion over the long term.’ Additionally, ‘[i]mprovements in microalbuminuria in the early post-operative period after Roux-en-Y surgery may result from an interplay between changes in gastrointestinal hormones, insulin sensitivity, blood pressure, and adipose tissue-and needs further study.’

At any rate, as the above references demonstrate, the methods used to combat obesity also combat kidney disease. Using this information may enable a medical or surgical bariatric center to improve its weight loss and weight management service offerings.

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